Cartago is a Costa Rican city, capital of the canton and of the homonymous province. It is located in the Valle del Guarco, in the central region of Costa Rica. Geographically it is at an altitude of 1,435 m above sea level, on the slopes of the Irazú Volcano, 24 km southeast of the city of San José.
The central urban area of the city is divided into three districts: the Eastern district, of 2.39 km² with 12,227 inhabitants, the Western district, of 1.99 km² with 9,901 inhabitants, and the southern part of the district of El Carmen with 4.35 km² and 17,425 inhabitants (2011 ). It has 26 streets and 22 avenues between the General Cemetery and the Basilica of Our Lady of the Angels in an east-west direction and from the Municipal Museum to the Municipal Campus in a north-south direction, for a historic center of 10 km².
There are concentrated most of the shops, the town hall, the Ruins of Santiago Apóstol, the Basilica of Our Lady of the Angels and the Colegio de San Luis Gonzaga which is, due to its age, the first secondary school in the country. ; In addition, there is the Museum of Cartago and the Technological Institute of Costa Rica, the most important engineering university in Costa Rica.